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Welcome to IAB Forum!
Contents:


  1. EUR-Lex Access to European Union law
  2. Pentax ME Super
  3. Le reti alternative del cibo dopo la crisi. Teoria, ipotesi di lavoro e un caso studio esplorativo
  4. In-house Labour Seminar

It was dedicated to the reform of the pension system following the huge success of the recent event Tuttopensioni The panel comprised many of the most important labour law experts and practitioners. Discussion on the practical effect of increasing protection which took place in Turin. The event took place at Palazzo Stelline, in Milan. Corporate-Level Collective Bargaining after the Jobs Act September 22, Giuseppe Bulgarini d'Elci organized an in-house seminar, entitled: "La contrattazione aziendale dopo il jobs act, quale scenario per le imprese" Corporate-level collective bargaining after the jobs act, which scenario for companies.

Marco Sartori participated in the seminar as a speaker. The seminar was an occasion to analyze the operation of different types of contracts and of regulations on job duties in light of the new provisions of Legislative Decree no. New regulations on employment duties— Is downgrading being abolished?

The event took place in our Milan offices. The panel was made up of the most importan labour experts. Working Partners in Cooperatives Included in Computation for Applicable Protections March 12, Giuseppe Bulgarini d'Elci wrote the article entitled: "I soci lavoratori delle cooperative nel calcolo per la tutela reale" Working partners in cooperatives included in computation for applicable protections published in financial newspaper Il Sole24Ore. The latest Legislation for Fixed Term and Temporary Agency Work Contracts October 29, Bulgarini and Marco Sartori have co-authored a new publication on the latest legislation for fixed term and temporary agency work contracts.

The opportunity to utilize temporary and fixed term contracts with no indication of a reason is now limited to those with a duration of a maximum of 12 months. The aim of the book is to help HR Directors to navigate through the complexities of the new rules and to identify the best solution for their particular needs. The first one commented on the new provisions of the National Collective Bargaining Agreement applicable to the logistics industry, which introduced a specific section dedicated to riders of digital platforms, while the second one comments on and analyses the possible different legal and contractual options for digital platform workers.

The analysis focuses both on changes in legislation and financial opportunities. The Judgment reviewed EC legislation on the right to paid leave and provides helpful guidelines with respect to Italian domestic law on the regulation of the time limit to carry over paid leave. Relocation Restricted by Law no. Approval of the Jobs Act for the self-employed is an important achievement for the country, but it is somewhat disappointing for an array of addressees, including small businessmen, and it leaves to many grey areas.

The article commented on decision n. The Protection of Art. The article comments on the Supreme Court decision no. The article comments on provisions setting out the right to priority in permanent engagement in fixed-term and part-time employment contracts, and reviews the new regulations introduced by Leg. Can They Influence Management? The position of executives published in the Italian business newspaper il Sole24Ore. The article comments on decision no. The article comments on the decision of the Court of Cassation No. The article comments on the decision of the Court of Appeals of Campobasso which ruled that, even if there has been a large and long-lasting reduction of output and employment, the interest of the employer to second one or more workers may lawfully be the need to refrain from losing the professional assets consisting in the skills and know-how developed by seconded workers.

The article comments on the decision of the Court of Cassation no. The article analyses decision of the Court of Cassation n. In the event of a transfer of a line of business, if the transferee applies a different company agreement, it is not required to apply clauses of the transferor Court of Cassation decision n. Such conduct is merely punishable with a lesser penalty that maintains the integrity of the employment relationship e. The article concerns new provisions on collective dismissals and is part of a special insert on labour market reform.

Giuseppe and Roberta analyzed decision no. Giuseppe analyzed the decision of the Court of Cassation no. Giuseppe analyzed the decision no. When a judgment annuls a dismissal, the reinstated employment contract between the original parties is assigned to the transferee. Giuseppe commented on the Jobs Act. Others were given the sterilisation agreement form together with other documents without appropriate explanation. In all documented cases a clear explanation of the sterilisation process was lacking. An official investigation by the Namibian Government determined that hospitals and clinics accused of human rights abuses followed all required procedures.

Furthermore, the government has not introduced any outright ban on forced sterilisation. The grant recipient was EquitAble, a four-year programme to provide universal and equitable access to healthcare for vulnerable people in poor resource settings. It studies the barriers and the facilitators to access to care, from a patient and healthcare provider's perspective in Sudan, Namibia, Malawi and South Africa.

It has a special focus on disabled people. The research methodology consists of document reviews and qualitative and quantitative surveys. The Government of Namibia is not a partner in the research. However, the partners in the EquitAble project intend to inform the Government of the project results in order to encourage them to take the needs of disabled people into consideration when developing new health policies. The activities carried out in the context of the project do not include care and it does not involve the sterilisation of women.

The EU budget contains specific provisions prohibiting and combating forced sterilisation. The project objectives and subsequently TRAC Plus activities in the project have nothing to do with sterilisation of people with intellectual disabilities. TRAC Plus researchers are responsible for examining the effects of environmental changes on the emergence and spread of malaria and modelling environment-disease transmission relationships. Im Rahmen des Programms wird keine klinische Behandlung angeboten, und das Programm ist nicht an der Sterilisierung von Frauen beteiligt.

The recipient of the grant was EquitAble, a four-year programme designed to provide universal and equitable access to healthcare for vulnerable people in poor-resource settings. It researches the barriers to and the facilitators of access to care, from a patient and healthcare provider's perspective in Sudan, Namibia, Malawi and South Africa. It has a special focus on the disabled. The programme is a collaborative research project comprised of researchers from Ireland, Norway, Sudan, Namibia, Malawi and South Africa. The research methodology consists mainly of document reviews and qualitative and quantitative surveys.

Results of the research aim to ensure that the needs of the disabled are included when new health policies are developed.

EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

The Government of South Africa is not a partner in the research, though a stakeholder for the dissemination of the findings. The programme as such does not provide clinical care and is not involved in the sterilisation of women. Through its bilateral development cooperation budget line 21 06 02 , the Commission funds a Primary Health Care Sector support programme in South Africa.

This programme focuses on key objectives of the South African health sector: decreasing maternal and child mortality; increasing life expectancy; combating HIV and AIDS and decreasing the burden of disease from tuberculosis; and strengthening health systems' effectiveness. This EU support is not used by the Department of Health to fund recurrent expenditures of the health systems facilities.

It aims to initiate innovative and piloting actions that can contribute to the revitalisation of the primary healthcare facilities in the context of the overall National Health Insurance policy reforms. There is currently evidence that the Government of Vietnam is involved in coercive reproductive health programmes in the country's Central Highlands. According to the Degar Montagnard people, the Vietnamese Government has taken abusive measures, including forced surgical sterilisation. The EU budget has specific provisions that are meant to prohibit and combat forced sterilisation.

However, such allegations have not been confirmed by independent human rights organisations, nor by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. Such a practice is not part of the public health policies of the Vietnamese Government, and there is also, to the best of our knowledge, no evidence that such practices are taking place. Marie Stopes International is a well-established organisation specialised in mother and child health issues, which does not advocate or practise forced sterilisations in Vietnam. This means that Turkey is indirectly following an anti-European policy.

In view of the above:. Will the Commission exert pressure on Turkey to put an end to this policy, which is damaging to the EU? Could the Commission consider the possibility of cancelling pre-accession aid if Turkey continues to intervene against Cyprus? The EU is not in the position to comment on the policy of a third state in another international organisation. Decisions are therefore fully endorsed by all 28 allies. Also, the Council has continuously underlined the importance of progress in the normalisation of relations between Turkey and all EU Member States, including the Republic of Cyprus.

The Commission continues to stress that a solution to the Cyprus problem is urgent and encourages all parties to treat this issue constructively. Furthermore the Commission will continue to monitor closely Turkey's position on Cyprus and its compliance with the Negotiating Framework for the accession negotiations with Turkey. Cariforum, och nyligen Colombia och Peru. The Commission is fully supportive of the work being carried out in the World Intellectual Property Organisation WIPO as regards access to books and other printed products by visually impaired people.

The European Union is an active participant in the discussions on a future international instrument and recognises the importance of the practical work being done in parallel by the WIPO Stakeholder Dialogue. Once the work in WIPO has concluded, and a specific international instrument comes into existence for the cross-border distribution of special format works for the visually impaired, this will be taken into consideration in negotiations of the FTAs. Asunto: Puerto de superyates en Marina Port Vell.

U en el Puerto de Barcelona. This plan will have serious implications for the area. Turning Marina Port Vell into a superyacht marina will greatly change the appearance of the area since these boats are very large and, together with the taller buildings and 1. The plan will also create serious environmental problems as superyachts consume much more energy and generally use fossil fuels, greatly increasing air pollution.

The plan will also increase private vehicle traffic in the area. The Commission is not aware of Barcelona City Council's proposal regarding the project to build a private marina for luxury yachts, reconverting the installations of Marina Port Vell. The EIA procedure ensures that environmental consequences of projects are identified and assessed before development consent is granted by the competent authority. The public can give its opinion and all the consultations must be taken into consideration. The public should also be informed of the content of the development consent.

It appears that the competent Spanish authorities have not taken yet a final decision on this project. Therefore, the Commission can find no evidence of a breach of EU environmental law at this stage and no further action can be taken. Oggetto: Gassificatore di Cassola e protezione dei cittadini dai rischi di inquinamento ambientale. Inoltre l'ordinamento italiano, visto il Decreto Legislativo n. La Commissione ritiene che tali impianti realizzino effettivamente un processo innovativo e diverso dall'incenerimento?

Tali direttive specificano che nei processi di incenerimento e coincenerimento rientra anche la gassificazione a condizione che le sostanze risultanti siano successivamente incenerite. The producers maintain that this type of plant, which is able to dispose of tonnes of material per day, is able — unlike incinerators — to convert various types of waste into energy in a way that is safe for people and environmentally sustainable.

The municipality of Cassola, province of Vicenza, is currently considering installing a waste disposal plant using gasification technology. Does the Commission believe that these plants genuinely use an innovative process that differs from incineration? They all make clear that incineration and co-incineration includes gasification if the resulting substances are subsequently incinerated.

Gasification is only excluded from the minimum requirements for incineration or co-incineration if the resulting gases are purified to such an extent that they are no longer waste prior to their incineration and result in emissions no higher than those resulting from the burning of natural gas. The Commission considers that these requirements are sufficient to protect the environment and human health. Based on the information contained in the written question, and given that the installation has yet to be constructed, the Commission cannot identify any breaches of the directives.

The Commission was not aware of the workers made redundant by the Filivivi company in the Veneto Region. Oggetto: Riapertura dei territori interdetti nell'area di Chernobyl. Tale norma continua a trovare piena applicazione. The Prime Minister believes it is possible to reclaim and decontaminate most of the currently restricted areas, but according to data provided by specialists and environmental organisations, these areas are contaminated with radioactive elements such as caesium with a half-life of It seems clear that the risks would affect not only any new residents in these zones, but also the agricultural produce grown there.

Furthermore, the situation at the site of the accident is far from stable and resolved. The Commission has not been consulted by the Ukrainian Authorities on this decision. This rule continues to be fully applied. These products are used in electronic cigarette devices smoking substitutes and the blends that they contain are classified as extremely toxic to human health and environmentally hazardous.

Moreover, the products circulate in the market without the legally required packaging and warning signs, resulting in misinformation for users. In most cases the electronic cigarette is promoted in the market as a way of stopping smoking, a view which is disputed by internationally reputed foundations such as the European Respiratory Society. Equally important is the fact that electronic cigarettes are not regulated by the Tobacco Products Directive, nor do they fall under the provisions of that directive.

Presently no checks are being conducted on these products, which are not covered by any legislation, thus placing the health of the consumer in jeopardy. What is its position on such a question, whereby no protection is being accorded to consumers, whose health is being put at risk? Through what direct and effective actions could a solution to the problem be provided? Does it intend to proceed with establishment of a legal framework at EU level to ensure consumer protection from products of this kind?

The Commission is aware of the heterogeneous approaches taken by Member States on nicotine-containing products. Member States' authorities have all powers to take restrictive measures on such products if the latter present a risk to the health and safety of consumers. The Commission is currently analysing a number of options on how to regulate nicotine-containing products including assessing whether it would be opportune to regulate such products under the Tobacco Products Directive.

The Commission has not reached a position on this matter. The legislative proposal for the revision of the Tobacco Products Directive is planned for adoption before the end of These short-term measures should be followed by an in-depth reform of the regulated tariff system, so that tariffs reflect market prices, and a review of the support schemes for power generation.

It is only through a whole-rounded combination of such measures that Spain may effectively tackle the accumulated tariff deficit and ensure in the long run the economic sustainability of the electricity activities and a stable and certain legal framework for investors. Could the Commission advise me as to what consultations have taken place with UK farmers on the matter of agri-environment support?

As described in the respective UK rural development programmes for Northern Ireland, England, Scotland and Wales, the UK farmer representatives have been consulted during the programme preparation on all the schemes and in particular on agri-environment support. Could the Commission advise me what consultation processes are currently under way with UK farmers? How is information disseminated to farmers regarding reform proposals and timetables? In addition to this, the UK farmers, for example as members of European farmers' organisations, are invited to attend the Commission Advisory group on the CAP.

Meetings are convened on a regular basis and information and explanation is given on the content of the CAP package proposals as well as on the timetable for the negotiations in other institutions. L'associazione si propone di tutelare, valorizzare e sviluppare un'ampia area pedecollinare della provincia di Bari. Quest'area, antico luogo di villeggiatura e di cure balsamiche e vera oasi di pace, si caratterizza per l'insediamento di alcune decine di splendide antiche ville settecentesche, ottocentesche e del primo Novecento, rimaste miracolosamente intatte pur se bisognose di manutenzioni spesso anche radicali.

The association aims to protect, enhance and develop a large hillside area in the Italian province of Bari. The area lies almost entirely in the territory of Mola, but is at the heart of the populated municipalities of Rutigliano, Noicattaro and Conversano. This area, an ancient resort providing balsamic treatments, is a true haven of tranquillity. The area contains interesting biotopes, wonderful landscape heritage, flora and fauna typical of the Mediterranean and is tied to meaningful historic, artistic and cultural traditions.

Oggetto: Creme solari e sviluppo dell'endometriosi. Tra le sostanze chimiche contenute in alcune creme solari e lo sviluppo dell'endometriosi potrebbe esserci un collegamento, il che suggerisce di utilizzare con cautela certi prodotti. Uno studio ha analizzato l'urina di donne con diagnosi di endometriosi. Le analisi hanno mostrato che queste donne presentavano maggiori livelli di sostanze utilizzate nella produzione di filtri solari. Le sostanze chimiche utilizzate nei filtri solari sono note come Benzophenone-type UV filters o Benzofenone e dovrebbero proteggere la pelle dai raggi ultravioletti del sole, anche se simulano gli effetti degli ormoni estrogeni femminili.

Lo studio conclude che piccoli quantitativi di ingredienti di tipo BP, contenuti in taluni prodotti solari e altri prodotti per l'igiene personale, possono essere assorbiti dalla pelle e passare nel sangue, dove imitano gli effetti dell'estrogeno. Anche se interessanti, i risultati del suddetto studio sono preliminari. Si tratta del primo studio del suo tipo che esamina i livelli di BP in relazione all'endometriosi e quindi, prima di stabilire orientamenti specifici sul livello di esposizione e sulla sicurezza umana in generale, si devono effettuare ulteriori ricerche.

It is possible that there is a link between chemicals contained in some sun creams and the development of endometriosis, which suggests using certain products with caution. The interaction between chemicals and health has always been debated and, although it is well known that all chemicals have an impact on the body, nobody can yet confirm with certainty whether chemicals used in the production of cosmetics and sun creams have a negative impact. The analysis showed that these women had higher levels of chemicals used in the manufacture of sunscreens.

The study therefore suggests that there may be a correlation between the absorption of certain chemicals and the risk of endometriosis, a disorder that affects the uterus and causes not only pain, but can also lead to infertility in women. The study concludes that small amounts of BP-type ingredients, contained in some sunscreens and other personal care products, can pass through the skin and be absorbed into the blood, where they mimic the effects of oestrogen.

126 cameras with quality

Study results, while interesting, are preliminary. As this study was the first of its kind to examine BP levels and endometriosis, additional research is needed before specific guidelines about exposure level and human safety in general can be determined. However, it is yet too premature to ascertain which could be the specific research issues addressed.

No significant trend was observed for this substance. A review of the Cosmetics Regulation is planned with regard to endocrine-disruptors, when EU or internationally agreed criteria for their identification become available or at the latest, by Nell'organizzazione c'erano italiani, algerini, tunisini e sudanesi operanti in Puglia, Sicilia, Calabria e Tunisia.

Gli indagati avrebbero favorito l'ingresso clandestino di extracomunitari, in prevalenza di tunisini e ghanesi, da destinare alla raccolta di angurie e pomodori. Venivano costretti a turni di lavoro di ore, anche durante il Ramadan, periodo durante il quale molti lavoratori di religione islamica si astenevano dal bere e dal mangiare. La direttiva non prevede sanzioni contro i lavoratori, anzi li tutela con misure volte a rimediare alle ingiustizie subite, ad esempio imponendo ai datori di lavoro di pagare gli arretrati.

A joint operation by police forces in Apulia, Calabria, Campania, Sicily and Tuscany has led to the arrest of 16 members of an organisation that has been luring immigrants to Italy with false promises of work and then enslaving them as they work for hours on end each day in the fields and live in inhumane conditions. They were forced to work 10 to hour shifts, even during Ramadan when many Muslim workers abstained from eating and drinking. The Commission is aware of the latest events which occurred in the South of Italy and strongly condemns all illegal practices entailing or leading to the exploitation of workers.

Special attention is given to the most vulnerable workers, including irregular migrants. It does not provide for any sanctions against the irregularly staying migrant workers and protective measures are designed to redress injustices, e. Once adopted by co-legislators, the directive should be instrumental in preventing the exploitation of seasonal workers.

A phenomenon related to illegal employment is trafficking in human beings. Le ragioni alla base di questo e di altri episodi violenti sono complesse e possono essere affrontate soltanto nel lungo periodo. Nonostante negli ultimi anni in Afghanistan siano stati compiuti molti progressi, il paese rimane una delle nazioni meno sviluppate del mondo. La situazione attuale figura in allegato.

The abduction occurred in the area of Yaftal. The team of aid workers were travelling on mules to visit one of their clinics in an area where the road had been destroyed by flooding. No one has claimed responsibility for the kidnapping so far, nor have any reasons for it been given or a ransom demanded.

The Afghan and foreign authorities are awaiting further developments therefore, while investigations continue. Is the High Representative aware of this event and does she believe she should take immediate action to facilitate the release of the hostages? What action has she taken and will she take to prevent cases like this one occurring in the future? The underlying reasons for these and other violent incidents are complex and can only be addressed over time. While much progress has been made in Afghanistan over the last years it remains one of the least developed nations in the world.

The lack of economic and social opportunity is one of the driving factors of instability, which provides fertile ground for extremist attacks. The EU is one of the major donors providing official development assistance ODA and humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan. Through long-term international engagement Afghanistan can be assisted to overcome decades of violent conflict, develop its institutions and improve governance, only in this way can broad based economic growth be encouraged, so reducing, the incentives for those who resort to such forms of violence.

Gli enti territoriali, quali Comuni e Province, sono tra i primi possibili beneficiari dei Fondi diretti programmati ed erogati da parte delle direzioni generali della Commissione europea. In caso affermativo, quali sono i progetti che hanno avuto accesso a fondi europei e con quali risultati i suddetti programmi sono stati portati a termine?

Finora il comune di Campobasso non ha presentato alcuna richiesta per accedere ai fondi direttamente gestiti dalla Commissione europea. Could the Commission clarify whether the town of Campobasso has applied for funding from any such programmes? If so, which projects gained EU funding, and what were the results after completion?

The City of Campobasso has not so far applied for any funding directly managed by the European Commission. The Commission notes that the Honourable Member is interested in the funding granted directly to Italian cities from specific EU programmes managed by the Commission. Should the Honourable Member so wish, the Commission could prepare a table providing this information for the major Italian cities likely to take part in these programmes. This would save the Commission time needed to reply to each individual question and provide the Honourable Member with one single set of comprehensive data.

It is alleged that as well as being tortured he was deprived of access to legal representation. The EU follows closely the situation of religious minorities in Pakistan. We are well aware of the vulnerable situation of persons belonging to religious minorities in Pakistan. This concerns not only Ahmadis, but also Shias, Christians, Hindus and others. This said, Ahmadis are prohibited by law in Pakistan from describing themselves as Muslim although they consider themselves as such. The EU is in regular contact with groups representing minorities including the Ahmadi community.

Pentax ME Super

It is a fact that members of minority groups face serious difficulties. Many live peacefully alongside fellow Muslims, especially in urban areas, but they are often subject to discrimination. Moreover with fundamentalism and sectarianism on the rise religious intolerance appears to be increasing. Unfortunately religious sentiment can easily be manipulated for political purposes. Dialogue will be intensified following a recently agreed Engagement Plan with Pakistan. The EU has insisted that individual and minority rights be respected.

Oggetto: Comunicando l'adolescenza tramite i social network. Gli adolescenti, con questo sistema, potranno sentirsi meno isolati e potranno avere un aiuto e un sostegno psicologico. L'assistenza avviene attraverso i social network, chattando, comunicando on-line, telefonando, mandando e-mail. Il metodo utilizzato giunge direttamente all'obiettivo: coinvolgere gli adolescenti e indurli ad aprirsi agli altri per comunicare i propri disagi. La Commissione desidera incoraggiare i promotori di progetti di questo tipo a diffondere i risultati dei progetti in modo che altri possano imparare dalla loro esperienza in fatto di sviluppo di progetti interdisciplinari che coinvolgono pienamente i giovani come co-produttori e fornitori di servizi per altri giovani.

Adolescence is perhaps the hardest time of our lives. If adolescents find it difficult to cope, they may become withdrawn and isolated. In this technological age, there is now a social network that can help advise adolescents experiencing difficulties. This system will help adolescents feel less isolated and give them assistance and psychological support. They are prepared for their role through tailored training courses that include lectures from doctors, psychologists and communication experts. This is a very direct method that involves adolescents and persuades them to open up and talk about their problems.

It is well known that a young person would rather listen to one of his or her peers than an adult. Is the Commission therefore aware of the project and will it promote a similar network to support all European adolescents? The Commission would encourage the promoters of such projects to disseminate their project results so that others can learn from their experience in developing multi-disciplinary projects that fully involve young people as co-producers and providers of services for other young people.

Gli sport paralimpici hanno avuto un notevole sviluppo negli ultimi decenni e oggi le discipline sportive alle quali possono accedere i disabili sono numerose. A tale proposito, la Commissione ha proposto di utilizzare i fondi strutturali anche per migliorare il benessere delle persone diversamente abili in vari settori tra cui quello del lavoro, dell'istruzione, della salute. Sport is a very important resource for disabled people, through which they discover new opportunities and social integration. Paralympic sports have developed considerably in recent years, and today there are many accessible sports for disabled people.

Few disabled children, young people and adults have the opportunity to take up a sport, including at competitive level. However, some associations promote paralympic sports and sports activities to improve the physical and moral wellbeing of people with disabilities. The European Commission therefore supports the improvement of the accessibility of sports.

Particular consideration in the use of all EU funding will be given to accessibility of all infrastructure and events financed, including sports infrastructure and competitions: persons with disabilities should be able to have full access to sport events, as either athletes or supporters. Structural funds can play an important role in strengthening accessibility in several fields of everyday life.

Therefore, during the implementation of all CSF funds, Member States shall take appropriate steps to prevent any discrimination based on disability, and all facilities, including those in sport, supported by the funds will have to fulfil this requirement. Moreover, combating disability based discrimination is a specific investment priority of the ESF. Moreover, in the context of the European Disability Strategy, the European Commission is committed to developing and disseminating standards for accessibility of sports, leisure, and recreation organisations, activities, events and venues; to promoting the participation of people with disabilities in European sport events as well as the organisation of disability-specific events including Special Olympics; to including a priority on social inclusion through and in sport, with a particular regard to persons with disabilities, in the future Commission policy and incentive measures in the field of sport.

Sono decine di migliaia i civili in fuga dagli scontri tribali nel nord del paese e dai nuovi combattimenti tra truppe governative e gruppi di miliziani nel sud, nella nuova ondata di esodi interni che sta interessando lo Yemen. Nonostante l'accordo di pace siglato dal governo yemenita e Al-Houtis nel giugno , la situazione nel nord del paese resta precaria. L'insicurezza ostacola un rientro su vasta scala e limita seriamente l'accesso da parte delle agenzie umanitarie.

Una delle principali agenzie locali riferisce che circa duecentoquaranta profughi eritrei sono trattenuti nelle carceri yemenite in condizioni disumane; circa settanta di loro hanno contratto in carcere una malattia che provoca forti emorragie. Per evitare il contagio, gli agenti di custodia li hanno isolati, abbandonandoli in un cortile circondato da alte mura, esposti alle intemperie e senza alcun intervento medico.

Molti si stanno ammalando di tubercolosi ma non ricevono alcun tipo di assistenza. Tens of thousands of civilians are fleeing tribal clashes in northern Yemen and there is renewed fighting between Government troops and militant groups in the south. This has created a new wave of internal migration in Yemen. Lack of security prevents people returning on a large scale and is seriously limiting access for humanitarian agencies.

The United Nations Refugee Agency UNHCR continues to manage two camps for displaced Yemenis in the north and provides aid for refugees in the camps and in local communities which welcome them.

Le reti alternative del cibo dopo la crisi. Teoria, ipotesi di lavoro e un caso studio esplorativo

To avoid contagion, prison officers have isolated them: abandoning them in a high-walled courtyard, exposed to the elements and without any medical attention. Many are suffering from tuberculosis but have not received any help. This deplorable situation is a clear act of violence against the refugees, amounting to forced conscription for children and adults, sexual violence and sexual exploitation for women and a state of arbitrary detention which prevents aid by humanitarian aid agencies.

It is a gross violation of the fundamental rights of individuals, the sick and refugees. It violates the right to life, liberty, personal safety, health and the right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. Through increased EU humanitarian assistance all efforts are made to help addressing the immediate needs of these refugees. The EU undertakes these efforts in close collaboration and coordination with other international actors actively supporting refugees and internally displaced persons in Yemen.

The particular and extremely distressing case of a group of refugees held captive in a remote area of Hodeidah Governorate has been brought to the attention of the UNHCR present in the region which actively follows up this case. The International Organisation for Migration IOM also present in the region through its sub-office in Haradh operates a number of facilities that cater to the emergency needs of irregular migrants that are stranded in the area. The health services in Hodeidah, the poorest region of Yemen, are however not sufficient to serve its population. The EU development portfolio in the health sector can only fund, due to its limited size, reproductive health and nutrition — both pressing problems of the country.

Member States are required to notify the Commission at least one month in advance of their intention to impose any such requirement. The proposals are under negotiation in the European Parliament and in the Council in the context of the ordinary legislative procedure. After the final adoption of the legislation, the Commission will adopt the relevant implementing measures, including regulatory or implementing technical standards that will be drafted by ESMA.

In relation to the first question posed by the Honourable Member, and in the light of the ongoing negotiations on the Commission proposals level 1 , the Commission cannot at this stage anticipate the content of the final outcome of the negotiations in the European Parliament and the Council and thus of the future implementing measures. In relation to the second question, one of the objectives of the review of MiFID is the establishment of a European single rule book. The European Securities and Markets Authority, mentioned by the Honourable Member, will play an important role in actively fostering supervisory convergence and consistent application of EU rules across the Union.

My constituent — a UK citizen — is experiencing an ongoing situation in which Italian authorities have misstated her surname on Italian-issued marriage certificates, causing Italian authorities to believe that she lives in Italy — with negative legal ramifications — even though she lives in the UK. The European Court of Justice has, in the case of my constituent, clearly stated its view that national marriage law takes precedence over marriage laws in other Member States.

Can the Commission, therefore, clarify what potential remedies are available in situations arising when a EU citizen, marrying in a Member State where he or she is not resident, is — for whatever reason — confronted with the fact that the marriage is not recognised, or has uncertain legal status, in the country of residence?

Is the Commission aware of any such similar cases, and does it have any plans to address this complicated situation? This is why the Commission has started its preparatory work for an initiative related to the recognition of the effects of certain civil status records in cross border situations, which is foreseen by the Stockholm Programme Action Plan for the end of The concrete case raised by the Honourable Member is to be considered under Italian law, which provides mechanisms aimed at rectifying mistakes in a marriage certificate.

In the first instance, the Commission suggests that you invite your constituent to directly contact the Italian authority which has issued her marriage certificate in order to request the necessary modification. The Commission would like to inform the Honourable Member that it is not aware of similar cases. Con delibera n. The difference between the amount committed and the amount spent is due to the partial implementation of the integrated programme by two provinces. What type of qualitative and quantitative results does the Commission hope to gain from.

What criteria does the Commission suggest using to assess success or otherwise when implementing this measure in the future? The goals of greening and its expected impacts have been examined thoroughly in the impact assessment. However, land used to grow non-herbaceous forage naturally self-seeded is predominantly used in extensive goat and sheep farming in several regions of southern Europe, which is also conducive to the enhancement of biodiversity.

If the goal of the abovementioned greening measure is indeed to enhance biodiversity, should it not refer to the maintenance of. Does the Commission acknowledge the contribution of naturally grown non-herbaceous forage to the enhancement of biodiversity? If not, could the Commission disclose its counter-arguments? If the Commission does acknowledge that contribution, would it consider changing the proposed definition of. This could be done by considering as eligible, areas where grasses and other herbaceous forage are traditionally not predominant but still suitable for grazing and that form part of traditional agricultural systems.

Moreover, with regard to the actual granting of support, additional provisions such as those on the activation of payment entitlements, eligible hectares as well as active farmer, will have to be complied with. In fact, the purpose of the process is to circumvent the law and offer abortion in countries where abortion is illegal.

The Commission is aware of activities funded by EU development funds. These activities — including sexual and reproductive health in Bangladesh, Indonesia and Kenya — are conducted in respect of the agreed EU policy in the domain which fully respects the legislation of the countries where they take place, as specified in the Programme of Action of the International Conference of Population and Development ICPD. The organisations receiving EU funding can provide the entire package of reproductive health services authorised by the recipient countries.

In Bangladesh, Indonesia and Kenya menstrual regulation is accepted by the authorities and is generally available. As regards the allegation of discrepancies between figures in different reports, the EuroMapping report does not include any information on funding to or by specific NGOs. The Commission intends to continue implementing the EU's sexual and reproductive health related commitments, in line with EU development policy and instruments, allocating funding to civil society organisations based on objective evaluation of applications received under calls for proposals.

The Commission therefore does not have grounds for action against the two organisations in question, or to exclude them from participating in calls for proposals. Und dies, obwohl es gesetzliche Regelungen gibt. Bei nicht vorverpackten Lebensmitteln entscheiden die Mitgliedstaaten, ob und welche Informationen zwingend vorgeschrieben werden sollten. Die neuen Vorschriften werden ab dem A recent study by the Hamburg Consumer Association Verbraucherzentrale has found that restaurants are consistently deceiving customers with cheap imitations or ready-made products. If not, does the Commission intend to introduce one?

We can assume that similar problems are encountered in other Member States apart from Germany. What action does the Commission consider necessary in order to protect citizens from this scam, one which is damaging to health? It also forbids unfair information practices which suggest, by means of the appearance, the description or pictorial representations, the presence of a particular food or an ingredient, while in reality a component naturally present or an ingredient normally used in that food has been substituted.

These general principles also apply to the advertising or presentation of cooked meals prepared by restaurants and catering establishments. In the case of foods in which an ingredient that consumers expect to be normally used or naturally present has been substituted, it is required to label the name of the substitute in close proximity to the name of the food and with a similar level of prominence.

However, for non-prepacked foods it is up to Member States to decide whether and which mandatory information should be required. However, information on the presence of substances likely to cause allergic reactions or intolerances should always be provided to consumers, including in the case of meals delivered in restaurants.

Vom Gibt es neben dem Beispiel Cannes andere Filmfestivals in Europa, die direkt oder indirekt aus EU-Mitteln finanziert oder mitfinanziert werden? If so, which films were they, and how much did the funding amount to? In addition to Cannes, are there any other European film festivals that are financed or co-financed using EU funds? If so, which ones and how much funding is involved? It also supports the participation of European professionals in international film markets in order to increase their access to markets and their capacity to work transnationally, and to improve the international circulation of European films.

For example, Producers on the Move offers young European producers an introduction to the international industry at large. Additionally, the MEDIA stand provides more than European filmmakers and industry representatives a base every year from which to operate in the Cannes market. In diesem Jahr werden die Pfingstfestspiele vom Mai und die Festspiele vom Juli bis 2. September abgehalten. Are there provisions for funds to support these events in the forthcoming multiannual financial framework ?

Does the Commission have a strategy to support these and other major cultural events across Europe? The Commission informs the Honourable Member that neither the Salzburg Whitsun Festival, nor the Salzburg Festival are currently supported or have been supported in the past by the Culture Programme. The Commission supports European festivals under the Culture Programme, reflecting the role they play in raising people's awareness of Europe's great cultural and linguistic diversity and richness.

The aim is to support the cultural and creative sectors to strengthen both their intrinsic cultural role and their contribution to the Europe strategy in terms of social inclusion wellbeing , jobs and sustainable economic growth. Creative Europe will provide festivals with multiple funding opportunities under the Culture Strand, such as cooperation, networks and platforms. The proposed financial facility could also be of interest to festivals.

It should be noted however that the selection process, managed with the help of independent external experts, is highly competitive and only the very best applications receive a grant. Wenn ja, in welcher Form und zu welchen Anteilen? The ecological footprint shows how much space is needed in order for us to maintain our standard of living in the long term. It calculates the amount of farmland necessary for food, the consumption of raw materials and even the space required to store waste.

It is expressed in hectares per person. The second key figure alongside the footprint is biocapacity. This describes the biologically active area required to produce everything that human beings consume, and it includes the ability of this area to absorb waste. Worldwide, each person has an average ecological footprint of 2. What parameters and values does the Commission use to analyse and evaluate the ecological behaviour of European citizens? Are the aforementioned WWF evaluation parameters used in these analyses?

If so, how and in what proportion? Following the publication of the WWF figures, is the Commission considering taking steps to reduce the ecological footprint of our citizens? The Commission uses a very broad range of data and indicators to assess ecological behaviour of European citizens, from Eurobarometers to detailed environmental indicators, covering issues from water to waste, from the use of soil to greenhouse gas emissions. The Commission is not using the Ecological Footprint for policy monitoring, as there is no sufficient consensus among academics and stakeholders on some methodological aspects.

The Roadmap sets out a vision for the structural change in Europe's economy by , with milestones to be reached by , with the aim of increasing resource efficiency and decoupling economic growth from resource use and its environmental impact. It also presents a set of resource efficiency indicators that complement the already existing and agreed indicators on climate change, energy and energy efficiency.

The Commission is continuing the work on indicators, and has the objective of reaching a broad agreement with stakeholders on how to measure progress and to set the targets needed to meet the challenge by Given that publicising the estimated prices of the assets that the Greek Government intends to sell could be used as the lower threshold in the privatisation process, at a time when the markets are falling, but also fulfils the need for transparency in this process, will the Commission say:. Is it legal to set a minimum sale price for public assets in the privatisation process?

Is it legitimate? If not, why not? Does EU legislation forbid publishing estimated prices in privatisation processes? The Commission believes it is legal to have a reserve price. The appropriate experts have been hired to evaluate the value of assets, for which thresholds are established, avoiding therefore any possible abuse. What measures does the Commission take to prevent the allocation of funds to projects that include the provision of abortions or the administration and management of abortion providers?

The Commission does not take any position regarding the term of sexual and reproductive health but refers to the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development ICPD, Cairo, and follow-up which is the endorsed basis for EU action in the field of sexual and reproductive health. It also recognises that legal provisions on abortion are sovereign decisions for each state. Close attention is paid to ensure that EU development funds are used according to the national laws of the partner country when project proposals are evaluated and funding decisions are made.

Programme implementation is also closely followed, including respect for the agreed contractual terms. The Commission does not have any evidence of misconduct of Marie Stopes International or International Planned Parenthood Federation in this regard and, therefore, no legal grounds exist to exclude these organisations from receiving EU development funding. The Portuguese Government is unable fully to comply with this legal obligation, as no reallocation of funds has been approved as part of the reprogramming of the operational programmes.

How does it characterise and assess the above legal provisions contained in this organic law? Does the Commission believe that the Portuguese Government was in a position to comply with the legislation adopted? Can the Commission guarantee that the Autonomous Region of Madeira will have proper access to the appropriations promised as a result of reprogramming by the Portuguese Government? The content and purpose of the law mentioned by the Honourable Member is the full responsibility of the Portuguese authorities. Therefore, the Commission does not comment on this issue.

Will it confirm that the underlying reasons for this supposed rejection coincide with the arguments put forward by the Portuguese Minister of Economy? What is the current state of play regarding the request to readjust operational programmes submitted by the Portuguese Government, particularly regarding the reallocation of Cohesion Fund monies to Madeira?

The Portuguese Government has not presented a formal proposal to the Commission to reinforce the existing Cohesion Fund financial allocation for Madeira within the corresponding priority of the. Such a possibility was indeed informally discussed within the scope of the National Strategic Reference Framework NSRF reprogramming exercise, and the Commission expressed a negative opinion on this.

This was due to the absence of a justification for such an increase and the need to allocate sufficient resources to other investment priorities in the aforementioned programme. The Commission has no comments regarding the arguments put forward by the Portuguese Minister of Economy. The Portuguese authorities have not presented any further proposals yet. A global re-programming proposal of the NSRF is however expected in the near future.

In-house Labour Seminar

The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development has assessed the Madeira International Business Centre IBC and concluded that the applicable supervisory rules meet international requirements for transparency and information exchange;. The Madeira IBC is often described — mistakenly and, from the technical point of view, incorrectly — as an offshore financial centre,. Has the Madeira IBC been placed on any blacklist of offshore financial centres by a credible international body?

The fact that a particular regime is included in a blacklist or not, under the criteria considered relevant by the body establishing such blacklist, is ultimately not relevant for its review under state aid rules, or under the Code of Conduct for business taxation. The Madeira IBC has a preferential tax regime and is thus in competition with similar financial markets, first and foremost those in small island regions such as the British islands of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man, and, moreover, with the Maltese market;.

The markets in Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man do not need EU authorisation, as they have their own special tax regime;. The Commission is now in the process of reviewing the tax ceilings for low-tax areas. Does the Commission believe that the conditions under which the Madeira IBC currently has to operate put it at a disadvantage compared with rival European markets?

EU State aid law is not applicable in the Channel Islands and in the Isle of Man, which are therefore in a situation that is objectively different from Madeira's. Moreover, it should be noted that Jersey and the Isle of Man have amended their tax regimes to remove any harmful elements. This followed an assessment by the Code of Conduct Group on Business Taxation, endorsed by the Council, which considered these tax regimes as harmful.

Guernsey is also expected to amend its tax regime, which has already been considered as harmful by the Code of Conduct Group. The assessment was formally confirmed by the Council. Do the abolition of this rule and its consequence, namely withholding tax for personal income tax purposes on dividend payments to partners in MIBC companies, arise from any stipulation laid down in, or obligation under, the memorandum of understanding signed between the Portuguese Government and the Troika the Commission, the IMF, and the ECB under the financial assistance programme?

If not, have the Troika and its Portuguese representatives given any recommendations, guidance or advice on this point? The abolition of this rule and its consequence, namely withholding tax for personal income tax purposes on dividend payments to partners in MIBC companies, do not arise from any stipulation laid down in, or obligation under, the memorandum of understanding. The Troika has not given any recommendation, guidance or advice on this point. As the Honourable Member is aware, under European Union law, Member States and their political subdivisions have broad freedom to design their tax systems in the most appropriate way in order to meet their domestic policy objectives.

In the exercise of their taxation rights, Member States must respect their obligations under the Treaties and are therefore not allowed to discriminate on the basis of nationality or to apply unjustified restrictions to the exercise of the fundamental Treaty freedoms.

However, within these parameters, Member States remain free to choose their tax rules, including as regards withholding tax on dividend payments. The Portuguese Government aims to revise this ceiling to a level that enables it to compete with other financial markets such as those in Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Cyprus and Malta. What tax rates are in force in financial markets with preferential tax regimes, particularly in Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Cyprus and Malta? Is a maximum tax ceiling in place in markets that limit or place conditions on the tax benefits available to companies established there?

Maximum tax ceilings benefiting from a lower tax rate were recently revised in the Canary Islands. What were the previous maximum ceilings and what are they now, after the revision? How can the Commission justify the fact that, within a short space of time, it has agreed to revise the maximum tax ceilings in the Canary Islands, located near Madeira and benefiting from the same EU outermost region status, but is now slow to agree the same for the MIBC? The Commission is not aware of any preferential tax regimes offering lower than general tax rates in financial markets, particularly in the mentioned Member States.

The absence of any special, lower tax rates implies that maximum tax ceilings are not applicable. To the extent that specific fiscal regimes involving state aid elements existed in the past in the Member States mentioned by the Honourable Member, they were all investigated by the Commission and they had to be amended to comply with EU state aid law. Experience over many years has shown that enforcement of the existing and previous legislation alone has not led to satisfactory results in this field.

Guides to best practice are not an adequate tool for addressing the gap between EU legislation and the European Food Safety Authority recommendations concerning poultry and rabbits. Such guides can be useful with regard to those requirements of the regulation which necessarily leave some room for interpretation, but they are not appropriate as a means of remedying its basic shortcomings, as they are not legally binding and are therefore not enforceable.

In , at the request of the Commission, the EFSA provided a scientific opinion on the welfare of animals during transport. In the case of the EFSA recommendations listed above, there is no need to leave any room for interpretation, as it is clearly possible to define minimum standards e. Only by amending the existing legislation can an adequate level of both animal protection and legal certainty for the inspection authorities be guaranteed. When is the Commission planning to start work on amending the legislation concerning the protection of poultry and rabbits during transport in order to bring it into line with the EFSA recommendations?

It should be highlighted that a recital to legislation does not include normative provisions; it rather specifies the statement of reasons for the adoption of the legislation and motivates the chief provisions of the enacting terms. In addition it must be pointed out that scientific risk assessment alone does not provide all the information on which a risk management decision should be based. Other factors relevant to the matter should legitimately be taken into account including societal, economic, traditional, ethical and environmental factors and the feasibility of controls.

It is therefore not possible to provide an answer to this question at this stage. Il sisma, di magnitudo 6, ha provocato la morte di 7 persone, oltre cento feriti, cinquemila sfollati e crolli che hanno devastato il patrimonio architettonico di un territorio di estrema importanza per l'economia italiana, specialmente in settori come quelli del turismo e dell'industria agroalimentare e manifatturiera. Le province maggiormente colpite sono quelle di Bologna, Modena e Ferrara e lo sciame sismico ha continuato a terrorizzare la popolazione con scosse protrattesi per giorni. La vera emergenza riguarda ora le persone che sono rimaste senza casa: duemila sono state accolte nei campi allestiti dalla Protezione Civile, ma la maggior parte degli sfollati rimane ancora sprovvista di un alloggio.

Buildings have collapsed, devastating the architectural heritage of an area that is extremely important for the Italian economy, especially in terms of tourism, farming and manufacturing. The provinces worst hit are Bologna, Modena and Ferrara, with aftershocks continuing to affect the population for days.